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圆明园兽首铜像为什么珍贵?

作者: 来源: 日期:2020-4-23 8:10:35 人气:0

圆明园兽首铜像为什么珍贵?乾隆盛世,清王朝国力强盛,工艺水平处于巅峰,这在圆明园十二生肖兽首铜像上表现得尤为充分。

Why are Yuanmingyuan's bronze statues with animal heads precious? In the heyday of Qianlong, the Qing Dynasty had a strong national power and a high level of craftsmanship, which was especially fully reflected in the bronze statues of the twelve animal heads of the Yuanmingyuan.

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首先,它所用的铜,系专门为宫廷所炼制的合金铜,内含诸多贵重金属,与北京故宫、颐和园陈列的铜鹤等所用铜相同,颜色深沉,内蕴精光,历经风雨而不锈蚀,堪称一绝。

First of all, the copper it uses is the alloy copper specially refined for the court, containing many precious metals. It is the same as the copper crane displayed in the Imperial Palace and Summer Palace in Beijing, with deep color and fine connotation. It has gone through wind and rain without rusting, which is unique.


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其次,它是由专门为皇帝服务的宫廷造办处工匠们精心制作的,铸工精整,表面还以精细的錾工刻划,像上动物绒毛等细微之处皆一凿一凿锻打而成,清晰逼真,鼻、眼、耳等重点部位及鼻上和颈部皱褶皆表现十分细腻,不见一丝马虎,展现出极高的工艺水准。


Secondly, it was carefully made by the craftsmen of the Royal manufacturing office, which was specially for the emperor. The surface was also carved with fine chiseling. The details such as animal fluff were chiseled and forged one by one. It was clear and lifelike. The key parts such as nose, eye, ear and the wrinkles on nose and neck were very delicate without any carelessness, showing a high level of technology.

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有意思的是,十二生肖兽首铜像由中国宫廷匠师制造,而设计者是郎世宁等来自欧洲的艺术家;因此铜像既具有浓郁的中国传统审美趣味,也融合了西方造型艺术的特点。

Interestingly, the bronze statue of the beast head of the zodiac is made by a craftsman of the Chinese court, and the designer is an artist from Europe, such as Lang shining. Therefore, the bronze statue not only has strong Chinese traditional aesthetic interest, but also integrates the characteristics of Western plastic arts.

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更为重要的是,它们是我们中华民族几千年的文化传承,同时也象征了我们祖国当年的强盛。

More importantly, they are the cultural heritage of our Chinese nation for thousands of years, and they also symbolize the strength and prosperity of our motherland.

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据郑鑫尧介绍,圆明园兽首铜像,又称圆明园十二生肖铜兽首、圆明园十二生肖人身兽首铜像。圆明园兽首铜像原为圆明园海晏堂外喷泉的一部分,是清乾隆年间的红铜铸像,也是原圆明园喷水池中“水力钟”的喷头。该“水力钟”的全称为“十二生肖报时喷泉”。十二生肖兽首铜像呈“八”字形,分列在喷水池两旁的人身石台上。每个动物就是一个喷泉机关,每到一个时辰,相应的动物口中就会喷水两个小时。

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According to Zheng Xinyao, the bronze statue of the beast head in Yuanmingyuan, also known as the bronze beast head of the twelve animals in Yuanmingyuan and the bronze statue of the human beast head of the twelve animals in Yuanmingyuan. The bronze statue of beast head in Yuanmingyuan was originally a part of the fountain outside Haiyan Hall of Yuanmingyuan. It was made of red copper in Qianlong period of Qing Dynasty, and it was also the nozzle of "water clock" in the fountain of Yuanmingyuan. The full name of the "water clock" is "the fountain for the time reporting of the Chinese Zodiac". The bronze statue of the animal head of the twelve zodiac animals is in the shape of "eight", which is arranged on the stone platform of human body on both sides of the fountain. Every animal is a fountain mechanism. Every hour, the corresponding animal mouth will spray water for two hours.

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河北汇丰雕塑制造有限公司以“诚信为本、质量为魂、追求卓越”为一贯宗旨。重合同、守信誉,质量至上,价格优,深爱新老客户好评。欢迎您来图来样加工订做,我们将以热情的服务,优良的产品质量欢迎您光临指导。

Hebei HSBC sculpture manufacturing Co., Ltd. takes "integrity-based, quality-oriented, and the pursuit of excellence" as its consistent purpose. Pay attention to contract, keep reputation, quality first, price excellent, love new and old customers. Welcome to map and sample processing, we will be warm service, excellent product quality welcome you to guide.


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